Cavalier Info

Description
This beautiful small spaniel has dark round expressive eyes that are large but not prominent. The tail is sometimes docked to no less then three times its length. It has a conical muzzle and a flat skull. It has a shallow stop, with well developed nose and wide nostrils. The ears are long with abundant feathering. It has a silky coat, sometimes with a slight waviness that comes in ruby, black & tan, tri-color and blenheim (rich chestnut on a pearly-white background). On Blenheim dogs, a chestnut-red spot on top of the head between the ears is preferred by breeders, but not critical.
Colours
Blenheim = Chestnut and white
Tricolour = Black, brown and white
Black and Tan
Ruby = Rich mahogany red

Temperament
This is an affectionate, undemanding and easy to train family dog.They are excellent with children and the elderly. They are not excessive barkers but will announce strangers. They are not guard dogs however, as they greet most people warmly. Cavaliers get along with everyone, including cats and other small pets. Being relatively small and easy going, they make good travel companions. They also do well in competitive obedience.

Height, Weight
Height: Bitch, min = 30cm, (12ins) max = 33cm (13ins)
Dog, min = 30cm, (12ins) max = 33cm (13ins)
Weight: 10 – 20 pounds (5-10 kg.) both.

Health Problems
Can be prone to syringomyelia, hereditary eye disease, dislocating kneecaps (patella), back troubles, ear infections, early onset of deafness or hearing trouble. Sometime’s hip dysplasia. Don’t over feed. This breed tends to gain weight easily. When selecting one of these dogs, it is extremely important to check the medical history of several previous generations.

Living Conditions
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is good for apartment life. They are moderately active indoors and a small yard will be sufficient. The Cavalier does not do well in very warm conditions.

Exercise
Whatever exercise you can provide will be just fine with this adaptable dog, as they will adapt to your family’s circumstances.  However, they greatly enjoy a good romp in the park.

Life Expectancy
9 – 15 years,
If healthy, the Cavalier can live 13 to 15 years.

Grooming
Cavaliers should be groomed thoroughly once a week. The nails and the hair between the pads of the feet should be trimmed once a month. This is a shedding dog but good grooming should keep the hair load on your furniture fairly low. Special attention must be given to the ears are they are drop ears and there is very little air circulation. No trimming is necessary and is, indeed, disallowed for the show ring.

Intelligence
This is an affectionate, undemanding and easy to train family dog. Eager to please, it is wonderfully simple to train. It is a clean dog and will housebreak quickly.

Origin
In its heyday, this breed was known as a ‘comforte dog’ and doctors even wrote prescriptions with this little dog as the remedy. The original Cavalier King Charles was developed from the toy spaniels pictured in the work of 16th, 17th and 18th century painters such as Van Dyck, Titian, Stubbs and Gainsborough. These portraits show a small spaniel with a flat head, high set ears, almond shaped eyes and a pointed nose. They were very common as a ladies’ pet and were used to warm laps during cold carriage rides and while waiting about in chilly castles. Another job the dogs had was to attract fleas off their mistresses so that the owner would not get bitten and die of the plague. The royal name, ‘King Charles Spaniel’ was bestowed during the reign of King Charles II, who was so fond of his spaniels he could not be parted from them. He made a decree that King Charles Spaniels must be allowed in any public place, including the House of Parliament. This decree is still in the law books today.

Dog Group Kennel Club
Toy

 Top tips to keep your dog safe this Summer

1. Don’t leave your pet in a parked car! Every summer, animals left in cars suffer brain damage and die from heatstroke – remember dogs can only dispel heat by panting and through the pads on their feet.
2. Always provide your pet with access to shelter from the heat of the sun – indoors or outdoors, make sure there is some shade and ensure they have plenty of water. Bear in mind that elderly, very young, overweight and poorly pets will have a hard time regulating their body temperature, so make sure they stay cool.
4. Fair-haired pets may require sunscreen on their noses and ear tips to prevent sunburn and skin cancer. Ideally, keep your pet out of the sun between 10am and 3pm to prevent sunburn.
5. Keep your pet well groomed – if it has extremely thick hair or lots of mats and tangles, the fur may trap too much heat and you may wish to consider clipping it.
6. Summer is often a time when people fertilise their lawns but beware, plant food, fertilizer and insecticides can be fatal if your pet ingests them. Additionally, more than 700 plants (such as the foxglove or hibiscus) can cause harmful effects in animals.
7. Another summertime threat is fleas – avoid infestations with regular flea treatments, such as Advantage.
8. Worming your pet is important all year round, however, for one hookworm in particular, Uncinaria stenocephala, there is a sharp rise from July to September. In heavily infested pups, it can have nasty results such as diarrhoea, anorexia and lethargy. By worming with Drontal every three months your pet will be protected.
9. During the hot weather, windows and doors are often left open which can lead to pets going missing. Consider Tracer microchipping to ensure easy identification if this happens.
10. Make suitable arrangements for your pet when you go on holiday – home alone is not an option, so get a pet-sitter, check if you have a reliable friend to act as carer or double check any kennel or cattery requirements regarding vaccine status. Alternatively, if you want to take your pet with you on holiday, remember to prepare! Your pet will need a rabies vaccination, worming (before you go and before you return to the UK), protection from exotic diseases (eg. Advantix spot-on solution), as well as microchipping (i.e Tracer).

Trivia
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels rank Number 44 compared to other dog breeds with their ability to obey first commands 49% of the time or better.